China on Tuesday condemned U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to mark Beijing as a strategic rival and urged Washington to “abandon a Cold War mentality” and accept China’s rise. It said its geo-political strategies should not be distorted by the US.
America sees President Xi Jinping’s “Belt and Road Initiative” as part of its intention to eat into American influence and shape a China-centered political structure. Under the OBOR project, China is constructing railways and other infrastructure across countries from Asia to Europe and Africa. China is the second-highest in military spending, only behind Washington. While china appears bullish against the US, it is cautiously wary of India’s rising power.
Unlike China, which is under the radar of international organisations, such as the WTO and UN, for unlawful trade practices and aggressive imperialistic tendencies, India is perceived as a much more responsible world community member with the largest functioning democracy, stable economic growth, demographic potential and a large market of human resource. India’s GDP is set to rise while China’s economy is seeing downward trend.
China is country of extremes. In theory, it showcases a bend towards Buddhist principles, but in spirit it believes in Mao Zedong principle that “Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun”. Its only response to feelings of insecurity is through aggression. This is exactly what happened during the war of 1962. Once again, the circumstances have raised the same insecurity and China is doing what it does best: Exercising dominance by providing economic largesse.
It is luring small countries around India, such as Pakistan, Nepal, Sri-Lanka, Maldives, and Myanmar by loading them with development plans. It is giving them aid in billions, making them indebted and vulnerable to exploitation. Its coup d’état in Zimbabwe demonstrates its overwhelming desires. China pumped in billions of dollars into the African country and pushed a regime change for realisation of debts. Sri-Lanka, too, recently leased its Hambantota port for 99 years to China as it failed to pay debts amounting to 1.1 billion.
Its ambitious project “One Belt, One Road” OBOR, in the name of regional welfare, is nothing but a strategy to serve its own imperialistic tendencies aimed primarily at countering India’s influential position in the region and world.
It is continuously developing its naval presence in the Indian Ocean. In August, 14 PLA Navy ships were spotted in the region. This increased presence, which poses a security threat to India, is compounded by PLAN submarines accompanying ships tasked with anti-piracy duties, an odd duty for submarines.
China’s expansionist tendency, experts say, is largely a response to India’s quietly growing stature, both economically and diplomatically.
America’s National Security Strategy (NSS) unveiled on Tuesday marked India as a ‘leading global power’ and clearly defined its goals for the region. It said it will “deepen” America’s strategic partnership with India and support its leadership role in Indian Ocean security and throughout the broader region.
The NSS said it will press Pakistan to intensify its counter-terrorism efforts, since no partnership can survive a country’s support for militants and terrorists who target a partner’s own service members and officials.
In an apparent reference to the OBOR and CPEC, the NSS said they will help South Asian nations maintain their sovereignty as China increases its influence in the region.
China recognises India’s global influence and its rapidly growing economy. In another decade, India is expected to be at par with China in every sphere. China can hardly risk a war with a country that the world will likely side with.
But it remains important for India to continue being vigil and take evolving measures to secure itself. India should further develop its nuclear defence capabilities as an absolute deterrence. It should also continue to reinstate to the world China’s ulterior motives.